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City of Zagreb
City Office for Physical Planning, Construction, Communal Affairs and Traffic


Faculty of Architecture
University of Zagreb


City Acupuncture


Oris - House of Architecture




City of Zagreb
City Office for Culture, Education and Sport


Republic of Croatia
Ministry of Culture

Work title: Public Spheres

Public space has been commonly presented as a metaphor for a political space, a space where struggle happens, where differences raise and conflicts emerge. This project builds that metaphor. A physical representation – even a physical joke – of a political space. A place for conflict. When Habermas proposes The Public Sphere, he envisions “a discursive space in which individuals and groups congregate to discuss matters of mutual interest and, where possible, to reach a common judgment” (Hauser 1998). Such vision considers that this space is an ideally inclusive and consensual space for mediation between the “private sphere” and the State. A common place where everyone can access and discuss public affairs. Yet, critics of that position – from postmodernists to feminists – have underlined that “the” public sphere overlooks multiplicity and, more importantly, conflict. Current socio-technical approaches to publicness draw on Dewey´s pragmatist perspective of the public. For Dewey, “a” public –not “the” public – is ‘a set of actors jointly affected by a problem [..] who organize into a public to ensure that the problem is addressed’. For us public space is constituted by a multiplicity of such publics, publics that are constituted by issues and networks of affection. Our project proposes a number of public spheres (in plural) in order to underline the importance of taking into account the multicity of positions. These public spheres bundle affected actors around specific issues and conflicts. In order to ‘ensure the problem is addressed’, these public spheres move through the city, movement that happens not avoiding conflict but inhabiting it. The ultimate intention of the project is to generate discussion. To do so, we propose a call for spheres to be followed by a number of workshops that would end with a physical sphere parading through the city. Following the steps to define a Public Sphere: 01. Define the issue for the Public Sphere. 02. Assemble affected or involved actors. 03. Discuss the content of the Public Sphere. 04. Look for the places where the discussion could emerge. 05. Travel the route considering the obstacles that it will block the Public Sphere’s crossing. 06. Problematise the dimensions of the Public Sphere with the specific purpose of taking the conflicting route to its limits. 07. Organise the artefacts that will help the Public Sphere to overcome obstacles. 08. Design the construction. Define the materials depending on the actors you want to get involved in the construction, use and transportation of the spheres. 09. Continue defining other Public Sphere(s). Define their routes so that whenever they cross their paths the multiplicity of the Public Spheres will be celebrated.
Work details
Application Number 0000703079
Author Martin Sainz de los Terreros, Jorge , Spain
Coauthors Martín Sanchez, Miguel , Spain
Toscani, Giulia , Italy

Juror Comments

  • Juror @ 04/08/2015 13:16:47
    As an answer to the problem of the decline of public space, this project proposes to enact performance, to organize activity, to plan a scheme of (contra)action. The public sphere here is being produced, and the architect becomes the director of public actions. Intriguing proposal.
  • Juror @ 03/08/2015 20:02:13
    The project is a textbook on Habermas’ public sphere. It does well in not avoiding, but inhabiting conflicts. The localization is commendable, but a bit superficial and lacking some stamina.
  • Juror @ 03/08/2015 13:53:27
    Interesting theoretical point of view. A good project but a bit too diagrammatic.
  • Juror @ 03/08/2015 22:25:50
    The work is a very good analysis of existence of multiple public spheres. Common ideas are put together and basic assumptions taken in place. It is a very courageous recipe book consciously simplifying the public space in a polemical life. The idea of overlapping public realms is intriguing.
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